What is a child’s developmental disability? Face obstacles correctly
Developmental disability is a natural disorder in the development of the brain. There are irregularities in the progress of growth and development, which can cause troubles and troubles in daily life and relationships. Developmental disabilities can be difficult to understand from the outside, and can be thought of as “selfish children,” “problem children,” or “bad parenting.” Some parents blame themselves for their child’s developmental disabilities, but not because of discipline, how they are raised, or the environment.
Causes of developmental disabilities
Developmental disorders are inherited
Developmental disabilities are also considered to be hereditary disorders, and it is sometimes said that if one or both of the parents have a developmental disability, the child is also more likely to have a developmental disability. However, even if both parents have developmental disabilities, the child born may not have a disability, and conversely, a child with a developmental disability may be born from parents without a disability.
Some parents are unaware that they have a developmental disability because the term developmental disability was not previously recognized. It is not uncommon to find out that you have a developmental disability because your child has a developmental disability.
Causes during pregnancy
The effects of pregnancy can also lead to developmental disabilities. One of them is smoking for pregnant women. Statistics show that smoking during pregnancy more than doubles the chances of having a baby with Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Another cause is the drinking of pregnant women. Heavy drinking during pregnancy has long been a cause of disability, but even small amounts have been shown to cause disability in babies.
Types of developmental disabilities
There are three types of developmental disabilities. Let’s take a look at its characteristics.
ASD (autism spectrum disorder)
ASD is autism spectrum disorder. It is characterized by being weak in interpersonal relationships and having a strong commitment to something. Children with ASD often have distinct areas of strength and weakness. Therefore, be aware of “strengthening what you are good at” as a support that your family can do.
ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder)
ADHD, or “attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder,” is a type of developmental disorder. Specifically, it has characteristics such as being unable to control one’s emotions, being unable to grasp the emotions of others, and being unable to concentrate on things. However, in recent years, it is said that depending on the support, you can go to school and make friends, and you can live like a child without a disability.
LD (Learning Disability)
Learning disabilities (LD) often delay the development of abilities such as listening, speaking, reading, writing, and calculating. Therefore, at school, etc., the achievement level of learning may be delayed compared to the students around. In the case of LD, there are many cases where obstacles cannot be found until the start of full-scale study. Therefore, it is possible to misunderstand that it is not an obstacle but “insufficient effort”. Finding a disability early will prevent you from losing confidence.
What about rehabilitation for developmental disabilities?
Rehabilitation is an aid to bring out the power of the person and lead a fulfilling life, and it is also an aid to social independence. We do not train ourselves to do something or do anything to improve our symptoms. We will comprehensively provide assistance tailored to that person. It is important to support the person by thinking about “what should be done to make life easier” and “what kind of power and how to improve”. People with developmental disabilities are by no means inferior and are not socially incompatible. With proper support, it is possible to take advantage of the characteristics of developmental disabilities to gain success in society and a happy life.
Let’s think about how to grow it rather than the cause of the disability
Parents should not blame themselves, even if their child has a disability. The most important thing is to get the right knowledge and get professional support. Let’s think positively about how to grow it in the future, not just the cause.